Cramps are sudden muscle spasms that cause pain. Muscle cramps like this often occur when we are sleeping. But also can be due to heavy physical activity, such as running, swimming, including cramps while cycling.
What exactly is the cause of this Cramp? Especially leg muscle cramps while cycling. Until now the cause of leg cramps is still unclear. There are several factors that make a person affected by cramps. If a person has long or never pedaled a bicycle, then he can experience leg cramps because the body is not used to pedaling.
Some factors causing foot muscle cramps:
- Lack of blood flow to the muscles caused by the accumulation of lactic acid in the bloodstream due to less than perfect metabolism
- Cold air conditions interfere with the body’s heating mechanism that can interfere with blood flow into the body
- Fatigue may cause cramps (usually related to the length of time or duration of paddling without rest). Dehydration or lack of fluids and electrolytes, especially Potassium and Sodium
- Can also be the result of trauma experienced by bone or muscle
- Magnesium and Calcium deficiency
- Deficiency of Vitamin B1, B5 and B6.
- Some drugs, such as urinary transplant drugs and fat loss / crushers can also cause cramps.
- People with Hypercholesterolemia and Diabetes. Poor blood circulation will cause the blood circulation to the muscles to become blocked. This makes cholesterol increase so it can damage the blood vessels.
- Pregnant women, being overweight in pregnant women causes nerve fibers in the legs to become depressed.
Then what steps should we do if the Muscle Cramp is whack in the middle of our cycling activity, the following tips.
If muscle spasm occurs when you ride (or other sporting activities), it’s best to stop pedaling a moment and find a place to rest. After that do the stretching and massage in the area that experienced cramps. Conducting a compress can also help reduce muscle pain.
How to prevent cramp during cycling?
Warm up by stretching, walking or cycling lightly for 5-10 minutes.
Start cycling gradually, in the sense that do not directly pedal a bike in a period or duration of a long time. Gradually the intensity and duration increases, this is to avoid muscle fatigue.
Do not eat too much before exercising. Why? Because high-calorie foods will make the body blood flow to the digestive system first to help the process of digestion of food. Meanwhile, when you start exercising, the blood will be pulled from the stomach and channeled to the muscles. So interfere with the digestive process and cause nausea, abdominal pain, and even vomiting.