The industrial revolution has led to major changes in the order of life of British society. The industrial revolution had an impact in various fields, among others, as follows:
The impact of the industrial revolution in the economic field is as follows:
1. The price of cheap goods
The industrial revolution has spawned new production machinery that causes the production of goods to multiply at lower production costs. This causes the price of industrial goods to be more.
2. The cheap wage of laborers
The large number of laborers in production, especially in cities, causes employers to easily determine low wages.
3. The emergence of opposition between the workers (Proletari) and the employers (bourgeois)
Due to the low labor-wage provisions causing unionized workers to demand a decent salary increase. The form of protest was manifested in the strike.
Strikes are their main weapon so there is often a conflict between workers and employers. Therefore, the idea emerged that the state holds important companies in order for the interests of the workers more secure. This encourages the rise of socialism.
4. The advance of shipping and world trade
The industrial revolution led to the advancement of marine ship technology by means of modern machines causing increasingly advanced shipping traffic.
5. The rise of modern capitalism
The industrial revolution impacted the emergence of a new class in a society called capitalism. With capital power owned by the capitalists (the owners of capital).
The appearance of the capitalists is also supported by the abolition of the mercantilism economic system. Instead, the government imposed a liberal economic system. Freedom to individuals to develop the economy. In this freedom only people who have the power of capital can succeed. The ruling of the capitalists in the economy marks the entry into force of the capitalist system in England.
1. Massive urbanization in industrial cities.
The development of industry in the cities caused rural people (agriculture) to move to industrial cities to become factory workers.
2. The emergence of unemployment and crime
Workers who live in industry areas feel depressed and miserable. To forget his misery, the workers sought entertainment by drinking so much that it increased their misery.
Poor living and unhealthy habits encourage a wide range of crimes. As a result the prisons in Britain are fulfilled by inmates. Because of the full extent, government inmates dug the cost of maintenance by throwing the prisoners to America and Canada. After the United States independence from the British the prisoners were then thrown into Australia.
1. The rise of modern imperialism
The word imperialism refers to the action of a state extending its territory by conquering other territories. Imperialism distinguishes ancient imperialism and modern imperialism. The second boundary of imperialism is the industrial revolution. The difference between the two is evident from the purpose and treatment of the colonies.
The emergence of the industrial revolution resulted in the imperialist goal changing. Modern imperialism aims to acquire raw materials for industry and to market industrial products in colonies.
With that goal, modern imperialism treats the colony as a source of raw materials as well as industrial products. In addition, the new rules against the colonies have consequences for the ruling states to prosper the colonies.
The prosperity is treated so that people in the colony are able to buy industrial goods. Britain is one of the countries in Europe that embraces modern imperialism. Therefore, British colonies tend to be more prosperous.
2. The rise of Liberalism
The idea of liberalism flourished in England when in the country there was an industrial revolution and an agrarian revolution. The idea then developed in mainland Europe. Liberal parties have influenced many European countries in determining their political and economic policies.